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DIFFERENT CLONES OF RUBBER PLANTS OTHER THAN HEVEA GENESIS

  1. Parthenium Argentatum [guayale] pronounced as wy-oo-lee
  2. Castillia Elastica
  3. Manihot Glazvoil
  4. Ficus Elastica
  5. Fundumia Elastica etc. etc…

Hevea Genesis:-

  1. Hevea Benthamiana
  2. H…. Nitida War Toxicodentroides
  3. H….. Guianensis
  4. H…… Pauciflora
  5. H…… Rigidifolia
  6. H…… Comporum
  7. H…… Spruceana
  8. H…… Microphylla
  9. H…… Brasiliensis

Hevea Brasiliensis produces 99% of world natural rubber. Yield and quality of rubber from Hevea Brasiliensis is superior to all other species.

Fruits and Seeds HB :-
Pollination is by insects after fertilization the ovary develops into a three lobed capsule with three large mottled seeds. Breading and tree improvement is a main criteria for better results in achieving high yield. Hand pollination, vegetative propagation like budding and grafting are developed for tree improvement. There are different clones in HB.

A few examples are given below:-
G T 1 :-Gondang Tapen 1
I A N :- Institute Agronomico du Norte
I R C I :- Institute des Recherches sur le Cauotchouc en Indochine
K W :- Kali Wining
L C B :- S’ Lands Caoutchouc Bedrijven
P B :- Prang Besar
P R :- Proefestation voor rubber
R R I C :- Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka
R R I M :- Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia
Tjir :- Tjirandgi
R R I I :- Rubber Research Institute of India
G L :- Glenshiel
A V R O S :- Algemene Vereniging Rubber Planters Oostknst Sumatra etc…. etc…..

The above clones all are of HB and out of all this most suitable planting materials for our country are R R I I-105,116,118,203,208, R R I I 300 series, R R I I – 414,430… This are all Indian clones and foreign clones R R I M- 600, G T 1, G L Series, L C B and P B Series also can be recommended for planting depends to availability.

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