DIFFERENT CLONES OF RUBBER PLANTS OTHER THAN HEVEA GENESIS
- Parthenium Argentatum [guayale] pronounced as wy-oo-lee
- Castillia Elastica
- Manihot Glazvoil
- Ficus Elastica
- Fundumia Elastica etc. etc…
- Hevea Benthamiana
- H…. Nitida War Toxicodentroides
- H….. Guianensis
- H…… Pauciflora
- H…… Rigidifolia
- H…… Comporum
- H…… Spruceana
- H…… Microphylla
- H…… Brasiliensis
Hevea Brasiliensis produces 99% of world natural rubber. Yield and quality of rubber from Hevea Brasiliensis is superior to all other species.
Fruits and Seeds HB :-
Pollination is by insects after fertilization the ovary develops into a three lobed capsule with three large mottled seeds. Breading and tree improvement is a main criteria for better results in achieving high yield. Hand pollination, vegetative propagation like budding and grafting are developed for tree improvement. There are different clones in HB.
A few examples are given below:-
G T 1 :-Gondang Tapen 1
I A N :- Institute Agronomico du Norte
I R C I :- Institute des Recherches sur le Cauotchouc en Indochine
K W :- Kali Wining
L C B :- S’ Lands Caoutchouc Bedrijven
P B :- Prang Besar
P R :- Proefestation voor rubber
R R I C :- Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka
R R I M :- Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia
Tjir :- Tjirandgi
R R I I :- Rubber Research Institute of India
G L :- Glenshiel
A V R O S :- Algemene Vereniging Rubber Planters Oostknst Sumatra etc…. etc…..
The above clones all are of HB and out of all this most suitable planting materials for our country are R R I I-105,116,118,203,208, R R I I 300 series, R R I I – 414,430… This are all Indian clones and foreign clones R R I M- 600, G T 1, G L Series, L C B and P B Series also can be recommended for planting depends to availability.